Gum disease is a common condition that can range from mild gingivitis (inflammation of the gum) to severe periodontitis (inflammation of the gum, supporting tissue structures and bone). Treatments available for gum disease vary depending on the severity of the condition. Sometimes gum disease may be the result of an underlying systemic condition. With a thorough patient history and clinical examination a dentist can usually ascertain the cause of the gum disease. Teeth Whitening
To determine the best treatment option the dentist will first
clinically evaluate the extent of damage caused by gum disease to create a conservative treatment plan.
Gum disease begins as a result of accumulation of plaque (soft deposits on the tooth). Good oral hygiene instructions will
enable the patient to prevent accumulation of plaque and thus prevent the progression of the disease. Periodontal surgery - Advanced Gum Disease Treatments: Tissue regeneration In advanced periodontitis, there is usually considerable bone loss.
Tissue regeneration involves the grafting of new bone in the area of bone loss to give a better chance
of bone regeneration. Through soft tissue grafts,
gums can also be re-contoured where there is excessive gum recession. Guided tissue regeneration involves the insertion of
a membrane to help in the bone regeneration process.
This is sometimes useful during periodontal surgery. Periodontal flap surgery may be performed to reduce the pocket gap between the teeth and gums. Pocket Elimination surgery If the jaw bone has craters housing bacteria and contributing to gum disease,
the bone may be reshaped through bone surgery to eliminate the craters and help prevent
future re-colonization of bacteria growth. Signs and symptoms - when to visit the dentist
- Bleeding gums during tooth brushing or otherwise.
- Sensitive, red or swollen gums.
- Bad breath (Halitosis)
- Teeth that are loose or appear to have shifted.