Dental care is the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of a wide variety
of conditions, disorders and diseases affecting the, teeth, gums, tongue, lips and jaws.
The professional practitioners of dentistry are commonly referred to as dentists.
General dentists provide services related to the general maintenance of oral hygiene and oral health. Prevention plays an important role in dentistry and this is why it is
important to have regular dental check ups - at least once every six months. Regular checkups and oral health maintenance prevent the development of serious dental problems that can require costly
treatment. Cosmetic Dentistry
Tooth decay, tooth wear and trauma are major causes of damage.
Dental fillings are used to repair damage to the structure of a tooth or teeth.
After the removal of a problematic tooth structure, the tooth is restored with
one of several filling materials: Amalgam and composite resin (white filling material)
are the commonly used filling materials.
Your dentist will advise you on which material to use and its advantages.
Chipped or cracked teeth are typically repaired through bonding.
An enamel-like composite material is applied to the surface of a tooth, sculpted into shape,
contoured and polished, making the crack or chip invisible.
Orthodontic treatment can be used to straighten
crooked teeth and malocclusions. Orthodontics is both a functional and
cosmetic treatment, and has become an increasingly popular field of dentistry.
Root canal therapy removes infected pulp tissue within the root chamber of
the tooth. The root of the tooth is filled with an antibacterial filling,
and a crown is placed over the tooth to protect it.
Dental crowns provide an aesthetic and protective solution to teeth that
have undergone root canal therapy and that are extensively restored due to decay or trauma.
Dental crowns can be made of metal or metal fused to porcelain.
Today zirconium crowns are being used for their strength and excellent aesthetics.
Dental implants are an excellent long-term solution to missing teeth.
Implants are an excellent example of dental technology.
Implants are technique sensitive and must be carried out by a specialist in the field.
Treatment of gum disease includes include tooth scaling
and polishing followed by oral hygiene instruction. Advanced gum/periodontal disease requires deep
scaling and root planning which may need to be carried out under local anesthesia